A prominent World Heritage Site located at the city of Agra in India, the Agra Fort occupies the top slot on the travel itinerary of most tourists touring this region. Interestingly, the Agra Fort is also known by the name of Red Fort, Lal Qila and Fort Rouge. Stationed on the right hand side of the river Yamuna in Agra, the Agra or Red Fort is about 2.5 km in the northwest side from its very renowned sister monument, the Taj Mahal.
The Red / Agra Fort in Agra city is regarded as the most important fort
in India. This is because it has served as home to a slew of Mughal
Emperors like Babur, Humayun, Akbar, Jehangir, Shah Jahan and Aurangzeb,
who controlled the entire country from here. Constructed during 1565 to
1571, it was Akbar who laid the foundation stone of this imposing
citadel. The construction of the fort, however, got over by 1571 during
the reign of Akbar's grandson Shah Jahan.
The Lal Qila or the Agra Fort in Agra is shaped like a semi-circle with
its almost straight walls facing the river Yamuna. The fort's huge
double walls tower to a height of 69 ft and measure 2.5 km in
circumference. The inside of the famous Agra Fort in India contains a
number of buildings, making it look like a small city within a city. Due
to this, the fort can be very appositely described as a walled palatial
Inside, the Red Fort at Agra includes marvelous mosques and palaces
made out of red sandstone and white marble built by Akbar and then later
on Jehangir and Shah Jahan. Infact, court historian of Akbar Abul Fazl
records that around 5000 structures were built within the Fort in
Bengali and Gujarati style. But many were demolished by Shah Jahan
himself to make room for his white marble palaces. Some others were
destroyed by the British. Hardly 30 Mughal buildings still survive like
Delhi-Gate, Akbari-Gate and Bengali-Mahal.